It is not man’s subconscious, but his conscious mind that is subject to his
direct control—and to moral judgment. It is a specific individual’s
conscious mind that one judges (on the basis of objective evidence) in order
to judge his moral character.
. . . The alternative is not: rash, indiscriminate moralizing or cowardly,
evasive moral neutrality—i.e., condemnation without knowledge or the refusal
to know, in order not to condemn. These are two interchangeable variants of the
same motive: escape from the responsibility of cognition and of moral judgment.