There are two moral questions which altruism lumps together into one
“package-deal”: (1) What are values? (2) Who should be the beneficiary of
values? Altruism substitutes the second for the first; it evades the task of
defining a code of moral values, thus leaving man, in fact, without moral
Altruism declares that any action taken for the benefit of others is good, and
any action taken for one’s own benefit is evil. Thus the beneficiary of an
action is the only criterion of moral value—and so long as that beneficiary
is anybody other than oneself, anything goes.